Archive for the ‘India Domestic & Economy’ Category

The Kashmir Interlocutors Report – But Who Will Listen?

By Jenny Mackness, http://www.flickr.com/photos/53375223@N00/5172641938/sizes/m/in/photostream/

June 1, 2012: In the summer of 2010, riots of youth throwing stones and calling for “azadi” – freedom from Indian rule – convulsed the Valley of Kashmir. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh pleaded eloquently to “give peace a chance,” and appointed a panel of three “Interlocutors” to assess public opinion in the state and make recommendations to resolve its seemingly intractable problems. On May 24, the Indian government finally released the report the panel had submitted to it seven months earlier. The long delay suggests that the report, despite the good sense in many of its recommendations, will join a long list of missed opportunities to transform political relations between New Delhi and Srinagar.

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Polio Eradication in India: To the Verge of Victory – and Beyond

CSIS Schaffer_PolioIndia_110

India’s struggle against major health challenges in the past few decades has been a white-knuckle ride, with India illustrating some of the best as well as the worst of the health problems of the developing world.

But now – even though those closest to the effort are unwilling to declare victory prematurely – there is a good chance that India’s polio eradication campaign will tell a more inspiring story. In 1988, when the World Health Assembly formally adopted polio eradication as a global goal, WHO data recorded 23,800 cases of polio in India. At this writing, it has been a year since the last case was identified, in West Bengal on January 13, 2011.

Read full report, published by CSIS January 24, 2012.

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India as a Rising Power

Gurgaon. Photo by seaview 99, http://www.flickr.com/photos/85296574@N00/530891572/sizes/m/in/photostream/

With more than a billion citizens, a thriving economy and a rapidly modernizing military, India is swiftly becoming a growing force in geopolitics. Teresita Schaffer explores the country’s complex relationships with its neighbors in Asia and the Persian Gulf and describes how the increased competitive pressures of its economy will force the United States to adapt.

Watch video on the Brookings Institution web site, August 5, 2011.

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Cleaning Up India’s Culture of Sleaze

Scam-o-ramas erupting across India have transfixed public debate in India, leading to a popular social movement, in the Gandhian tradition, aimed at ending corruption. It has been a heady and exciting moment, powered by Facebook and the Internet. But whether this is a transformative movement in Indian life largely depends on the middle class’s continued engagement in the issue.

Read Teresita Schaffer’s analysis, published on foreignpolicy.com May 3, 2011.

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India: Killing the Messenger, Ignoring the Message

India: Killing the Messenger, Ignoring the Message

April 9, 2011: Three recent episodes, seemingly unrelated:

November 29, 2009: Reuters reported that Indian officials were investigating the leak of a radioactive substance into drinking water from an atomic power plant in Kaira, south of Bangalore.

April 10, 2010: the Times of India reported that exposure to radioactive Cobalt-60 in scrap at a disposal site outside of Delhi had left four workers fighting for their lives. The scrap had not originated in a nuclear facility but from industrial waste. Over the next month, government statements reiterated that those who handled potentially toxic waste were supposed to follow “stringent procedures.

August 13, 2010: NDTV (New Delhi Television) reported that British researchers had found a super-antibiotic-resistant bacterium in India. The scientific community, which often follows the practice of naming bacteria after the place where they are first isolated and identified, has given this one the name New Delhi Metallo-1. On April 7, 2011, BBC reported that a group of scientists in Cardiff had found antibiotic-resistant bacteria in Delhi drinking water. It is not clear whether these were the same type of bacteria. In both cases, the Indian health authorities immediately dismissed the studies involved.

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India: Politics Drowning Policy

Teresita and Howard Schaffer report March 7, 2011 on their findings in India:

In a two-week swing through India in mid-February, we found a government overwhelmed by sweetheart deals and scandals and an economy still strong but with a worrisome softening of the investment market. Foreign policy is proceeding in a workmanlike fashion. The upshot of the scandals, however, is that the government will be even more cautious in making policy decisions, especially those that involve legislation.

Read the full story: Politics Drowning Policy

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India: Fitting HIV/AIDS into a Public Health Strategy

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer, Pramit Mitra and Vibhuti Hate on the Task Force on HIV/AIDS, as directed by the Center for Strategic & International Studies.

India’s citizens may share one time zone, but they live in vast regions separated by immense distances and customs. They speak 22 officially recognized languages, in addition to English and Hindi, practice different religions and customs, and face diverse HIV/AIDS crises.

Originally published by CSIS on November 20, 2007. View the entire report.

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India on the Move

A review by Teresita C. Schaffer of Strategic Consequences of India’s Economic Performance, by Sanjaya Baru.

His basic argument is that economic strength is a critical element of national power and strategy, one that has made possible India’s emergence to its present position, and one that India must continue to mobilise if it is to emerge as a serious global player. Although the book is a collection of reprinted columns, a format not normally attractive, this one deserves a large readership for the importance of its guiding theme and the argument he presents.

Originally published by the International Institute for Strategic Studies in the Spring 2007 issue of Survival.

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Strategy for the Second Wave: Learning from India’s Experience with HIV/AIDS

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer and Pramit Mitra on the conference conducted by the Center for Strategic & International Studies on September 9, 2004, in conjunction with the CSIS Task Force on HIV/AIDS.

India has entered a critical period in its fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In June 2004, India’s National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) announced its estimate that India had 5.1 million people infected with HIV as of the end of 2003, up from 4.58 million a year earlier. This represents a 10.3 percent increase in estimated infections (a welcome drop in the rate at which infection is spreading from the 13.3 percent increase a year earlier). India is home to the second-largest number of HIV-infected people in the world, and some would argue that it actually has the largest population of infected people. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has moved into the general population in several parts of the country.

Originally published by CSIS on November 1, 2004. View the entire report.

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India at the Crossroads: Confronting the HIV/AIDS Challenge

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer and Pramit Mitra on the trip taken to India by a nine-member delegation of medical, public health, and diplomatic experts from January 3-10, 2004, in coordination with the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Task Force on HIV/AIDS.

The purpose of the visit was to understand how HIV/AIDS is affecting India, how governmental and nongovernmental institutions in the country are mobilizing to slow the spread of the disease, and how the United States should work with India in this effort. This report reviews the overall state of the epidemic and India’s response to it; it then lists the delegation’s key findings and, finally, enumerates the delegation’s recommendations.

Originally published by CSIS. View the entire report.

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