Strategy for the Second Wave: Learning from India’s Experience with HIV/AIDS

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer and Pramit Mitra on the conference conducted by the Center for Strategic & International Studies on September 9, 2004, in conjunction with the CSIS Task Force on HIV/AIDS.

India has entered a critical period in its fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In June 2004, India’s National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) announced its estimate that India had 5.1 million people infected with HIV as of the end of 2003, up from 4.58 million a year earlier. This represents a 10.3 percent increase in estimated infections (a welcome drop in the rate at which infection is spreading from the 13.3 percent increase a year earlier). India is home to the second-largest number of HIV-infected people in the world, and some would argue that it actually has the largest population of infected people. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has moved into the general population in several parts of the country.

Originally published by CSIS on November 1, 2004. View the entire report.

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