Kashmir: The Economics of Peace Building

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer of the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ South Asia Program with the Kashmir Study Group.

The Kashmir problem is the most intractable part of the dispute between India and Pakistan. In the past five decades, scholars and statesmen have analyzed the political dimensions of the problem many times over and have tried to solve it or at least to manage it. The economics of the problem have received much less attention.

Originally published by CSIS in December 2005. Read the summary or the entire report.

Order a paper version of the entire report.

Strategy for the Second Wave: Learning from India’s Experience with HIV/AIDS

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer and Pramit Mitra on the conference conducted by the Center for Strategic & International Studies on September 9, 2004, in conjunction with the CSIS Task Force on HIV/AIDS.

India has entered a critical period in its fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In June 2004, India’s National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) announced its estimate that India had 5.1 million people infected with HIV as of the end of 2003, up from 4.58 million a year earlier. This represents a 10.3 percent increase in estimated infections (a welcome drop in the rate at which infection is spreading from the 13.3 percent increase a year earlier). India is home to the second-largest number of HIV-infected people in the world, and some would argue that it actually has the largest population of infected people. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has moved into the general population in several parts of the country.

Originally published by CSIS on November 1, 2004. View the entire report.

India at the Crossroads: Confronting the HIV/AIDS Challenge

A report by Teresita C. Schaffer and Pramit Mitra on the trip taken to India by a nine-member delegation of medical, public health, and diplomatic experts from January 3-10, 2004, in coordination with the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Task Force on HIV/AIDS.

The purpose of the visit was to understand how HIV/AIDS is affecting India, how governmental and nongovernmental institutions in the country are mobilizing to slow the spread of the disease, and how the United States should work with India in this effort. This report reviews the overall state of the epidemic and India’s response to it; it then lists the delegation’s key findings and, finally, enumerates the delegation’s recommendations.

Originally published by CSIS. View the entire report.